EKO: I have something I think you should see...Long before Christ the king of Judah was a man named Josiah. Josiah, since he was a good king, sent his secretary to the treasury and said: "We must rebuild the temple. Give all of the gold to the workers so that this will be done." But when the secretary returned, he had no gold. And when Josiah asked why this was the secretary replied, "We found a book."...What the secretary had found was an ancient book -- the Book of Law. You may know it as the Old Testament. And it was with that ancient book, not with the gold, that Josiah rebuilt the temple.
So the point of the story is that the Jewish people had strayed from the Holy Laws, and needed to return to their true faith. They realized that gold would not procure the changes necessary for spiritual revival, only a reformation of their worship and lives would truly rebuild the Temple physically after rebuilding it in their hearts first.
From the Jewish Encyclopedia: Josiah "undertook the repair of the Temple...During the progress of this work "the book of the law" was found in the house of the Lord...The king then set himself to the task of cleansing the land from idolatry...The evidence is very strong that "the book of the law" referred to was Deuteronomy."
From the Catholic Encyclopedia: Josiah "ascended the throne when he was only eight years of age. In the eighteenth year of his rule, the Jewish king undertook to repair the Temple with the help of the high-priest...they all united with Josiah in a solemn vow of obedience to its commands. This was followed by a drastic reformation of worship..."
We're led to think that Locke was originally meant to ascend the "throne" as a boy like Josiah, when Richard came along with his test. Now that the island is in desperate need of regrouping, it seems Locke is expected to return the island to it's original purpose and order, the way Josiah returned faith and order to his people (with Richard in the spot of the king's high-priest?). Except maybe it doesn't happen that way, because the "bad things" happen instead. But then perhaps the regrouped Oceanic-6 return to help make things right again on the island, by committing together to follow the old ways of the ancient island originals? To be continued next season...